Kehen Temple Bali
Kehen Temple is a magnificent Hindu Temple situated on the foot of the south part of Bangli Hill, right in the Pakuwon environment that is a residential and a part of Bangli Town. It is just 45 km from Denpasar City or 20 minutes from Kintamani, one of the famous tourist destinations in Bali. This temple is a worship place for Hindu people in Bali particularly for Bangli resident to worship the greatness of God. This temple is featured by the strategic location with Balinese traditional architectures and blanketed by the cool temperatures that make it as a tourist destination in Bangli worth to visit.
✪ Kehen Temple Inscriptions
In front of Kehen Temple there is another Hindu temple called by Penyimpenan Temple to keep 3 inscriptions about the existing of Kehen Temple. According to DR.R. Goris that all three inscriptions are:
- Kehen Temple Inscription ‘A’ is mentioning the existence of 3 sanctums those are Hyang Api, Hyang Tanda, and Hyang Karimama
- Kehen Temple Inscription ‘B’ from 11 century is mentioning the empire functionary that is the Senapati Kuturan pu Kandara and it elaborate with the anathema words in oath
- The Inscription from 13 century (year 1204 M) is mentioning Hyang Kehen and Hyang Wukir. At the moment Hyang Kehen is equal to Kehen Temple and Hyang Wukir is Puncak Bukit Bangli Temple .
In the 9th century according with the Kehen Temple A Inscription that Kehen temple previously called by Hyang Api. In the next period that is 13th century and based on the inscription issued by Sri Adikuntiketana King hence Kehen Temple’s Name has changed into Hyang Kehen. Hyang Api and Hyang Kehen have an identical meaning as the word Kehen is come from the word Keren that mean a fire place that is called by Angolo or Homa Fire Place. The word of Keren has changed into Kehen, hence Hyang Kehen has the same meaning with what we call Kehen Temple.
✪ Kehen Temple History
Inscription Kehen Temple A in 9 century has mentioned that there are 3 temples those are Hyang Api, Hyang Tanda and Hyang Karimama. Because Hyang Api has identical with Hyang Kehen, hence Kehen Temple had existed in 9 century.
The Kehen Temple B Inscription from 11 century has mentioned that the royal official, Senapati Kuturan Pu Kandara and this inscription also outlined curse word in the oath like: hinapapa, bhrasta sakula sambandha, liputen ing klesa tan tamwang sarbopaya, that means abject mystery, destroy all families and descendants, wrapped stain disaster, did not find any efforts. From this inscription can be taken the conclusion that in 11 century when Anak Wungsu King led the governmental, this temple has been functioned as a swearing place especially for royal officials and witnessed by Kingdom Advisory Department which is on that day called by Pakiran-kiran I Jro Makabehan
The inscription from 13 century (year 1204) has mentioned that Hyang Kehen dan Hyang Wukir. Nowadays Hyang Kehen is similar with Kehen Temple and Hyang Wukiris Puncak Bukit Bangli Temple. In this inscription also mentioned that the tasks to execute the ceremony and Kehen Temple renovation that is done by Bangli Resident.
✪ Kehen Temple Function
It is one of Monarchic Temple , The temple under the aegis of king while ceremony execution and construction is delivered to local countryside custom.
As a sanctum which is used as a altar (oath) for empire functionary who disloyal to his obligation will incur the Sapata or very horrible anathema. The function of Kehen Temple as sanctum in execution of oath ceremony is supported by the existence of a circumlocutory canister by 4 dragon tails which is called canister Sarpantaka. Nowadays, the canister is placed in a building in form of Gedong.
Worshiping supremacy Siwa God in the form of Eka Dasa Rudra utilizes to request the godsend to the good human life and universe for blessing of fertile life, secure, prosperous and peaceful.
The structure of Kehen Temple yard is arranged to have a terrace and it shows the existence of tradition megalithic which is continued as a symbol from the existence of mount that is one of the fertility sources. The temple festival can be divided into 2 types those are Piodalan Ceremony which is executed every 6 month, that is on Wednesday Keliwon Sinta (Balinese Calendar) and Ngusaba Ceremony which is executed every 5 years.
✪ Public Facilities
- Parking Area
- Public Toilet
- Souvenir Shop
- Food Stall
- Drink Stall