Uluwatu Temple Bali
✪ Archeological Heritage
When the stone through-like boat in the complex of Dalem Jurit is a sarcophagus and an artifact (an artifact is derived from such site or artifact is not transferred from other sites), then Uluwatu is a secret place since ancient megalithic cultures (around 500 BC).
In Lontar (Bible made from palm leave) of Usana Bali is mentioning that Mpu Kuturan (a holy priest from Java Island spread out the Hinduism in Bali) who had built many temples in Bali including Uluwatu Temple. Mpu Kuturan is identically considered with Senapati Kuturan, a historical figure who lived during the reign of Udayana King, Marakata and Anak Wungsu in the 11 century. He is one of the public figures who joined in the institution of king advisor. According with this Lontar, then the construction of Uluwatu Temple is preceded by Mpu Kuturan in the 11 century.
In the Lontar of Dwijendra Tatwa is written that Mpu Kuturan which is also familiar called by Danghyang Nirartha had visited this temple twice those are:
On first visit, he had done the Tirta Yatra (a trip to visit the holy places). When arriving at Uluwatu, his heart feels secret vibration and soul murmuring that the place is suitable for worship the god. Later, when the time is up, he chose this place as a place for Ngeluwur (release the soul) or the soul return to the heaven. Based on his consideration, then he decided to build a temple or expand the exits temple at Uluwatu. When Danghyang Nirartha expanding the temple, he built an ashram as his residence and then the former ashram is built the temple by the local community which is named as Bukit Gong Temple. The temple development at Uluwatu by Danghyang Nirartha in the early of 16 century after he appointed as Purohita (the priest of King advisor) of Dalem Waturenggong who ruled in the year of 1460 – 1552.
On the second visit when Danghyang Nirartha will attain moksha (dead without leaving the body and disappeared). On Tuesday Kliwon Madangsia witnessed by a sailor named Ki Pasek Nambangan, he look like a lightning, just a very bright light to the sky (in Balinese word called Ngeluwur).
In the Lontar of Padma Bhuwana implied that Uluwatu Temple is located in Neriti direction or southwest direction functioning to worship the Rudra God, one of the nine gods (Dewata Nawa Sanga ) believed by Balinese Hindu. Rudra God is an aspect of Siva God as a Pralina or retuning to the original.
✪ Public Facilities
- Parking Area
- Public Toilet
- Souvenir Shop
- Food Stall
- Drink Stall