Bajra Sandhi Monument

Bajra Sandhi Monument

Bajra Sandhi Monument is a major landmark in Denpasar, set right in the centre of the Renon Square (otherwise locally referred to simply as, ‘Puputan Renon’). The site is adjacent the Bali Governor’s office, and is hard to miss with its grand structure that resembles a Balinese Hindu priest’s praying bell, or ‘bajra’. Inside the base is a museum that displays various historical dioramas of the people’s past struggle for Independence.

Also known as the monument to the Struggle of the People of Bali, Bajra Sandhi Monument was built in 1987 and officially opened in 2003. Two philosophies underpin the monument. The first ties to Hinduism, with representations of yoni, a feminine symbol for regeneration and the process of creation. The second retells the story of Mandara Giri Mountain in Ksirarnawa (milky ocean), the first chapter in the Mahabharata, an ancient Indian epic. The story tells of gods and giants joining together to “twist” Mount Mandara in the Ksirarnawa in the hope of extracting the holy Water of Eternity (Tirta Amerta).

Other symbols at the monument represent the date the Japanese surrendered, August 17, 1945. These are the 17 main gates, the eight pillars and the fact that the monument stands 45 meters (148 feet) tall. Climb the stairs to the top of the tower to reach the chamber with a 360-degree view. Admire the rotating exhibits, which often include photographs and paintings, in the exhibition room.

There are three floors inside. The ground level lets you admire the typical Balinese architectural features applied to the overall structure, while the second floor is where most of the diagrams and dioramas that depict the Balinese people’s pre-history and history are shown. The last upper level provides you with soaring views over the green square and Denpasar’s cityscape afield. Most recently in August 2016, the ground space was turned into the IAM Bali Interactive 3D trick art museum space, full of fun murals that are great for fun pics.

The monument itself sits on a 4,900sqm plot within the vast 14.4Ha grounds of flat green lawns, gardens and palms of the square. Denpasar residents visit the square in droves over the weekends, particularly during the ‘car-free’ Sundays that enables joggers and cyclists to best enjoy the surrounds of the public space. Constructed in 1981 and opened in 2003, the Bajra Sandhi Monument is a popular itinerary that is almost always featured on Denpasar Bali City Tour.

The Bajra Sandhi Monument is a rectangular shape, and follows the architectural principles of the "Tri Mandala." It consists of three parts:

  • Utama Mandala, the main building in the center of the monument
  • Madya Mandala, the inner courtyard surrounding the Utama Mandala
  • Nista Mandala, the outer courtyard surrounding the Madya Mandala

The main building, the Utama Mandala, has three floors. The ground floor, Nistaning Utama Mandala, contains administrative rooms, a library, and exhibition halls. In the center of the ground floor is a lake called the Puser Tasik. The first floor, Madyaning Utama Mandala, contains 33 dioramas, similar to those in the National Monument in Jakarta, but with a focus on the struggles of the Balinese people. The dioramas cover various incidents in the history of the Balinese, including the Balinese kingdom, the introduction of Hinduism, the Majapahit era, Dutch colonialism, and the struggle for independence. The second floor is a meditative space which provides a panoramic view of Denpasar.

Bajra Sandhi Monument Review

This Bajra Sandhi Monument contains 33 dioramas describing the history of the prehistoric (300,000 BC) that the humans are still moving and highly depends on the nature until the independence era (1950 – 1975)where the development of Bali are covering all aspects such as political, economic and social cultures. After knowing and understanding the course of history, soul and spirit of Balinese people struggle from time to time can be expected to strengthen the culture identity and more over the tourism in Bali was developed as a Culture Tourism so as not eroded by globalization forces. During its development, Bajra Sandhi Monument becomes more famous and established as tourist destination in Denpasar Bali and many visited by tourist every day.

Philosophy of Bajra Sandhi Monument

The appearance of building physical is steeped in the meaning of Hindu religion’s philosophy, Lingga Yoni. The monument itself is a symbol of Lingga, meanwhile base of the building as Yoni. In addition to the Lingga Yoni, it was listed also in the playback story of Mahagiri at Ksirarnawa that had been taken from Adi Parwa, an old manuscript in Bali.

From monument building we can see:

  1. Guci Amertha (Amertha Jar) is illustrated by a basin (sort of pot) that look on the top of monument.
  2. Basuki Dragon tail is firmed close to Swamba and it head at Kori Agung (Main Entrance Gate).
  3. Bedawang Akupa’s body is realized on base of monument meanwhile Kori Agung (Main Entrance Gate) as a head.
  4. Mandara Giri Mount is realized with towering of monument.
  5. The fish pond surround the monument is describing as Ksirarnawa (the ocean of milk).

Public Facilities

  • Parking Area
  • Public Toilet
  • Public Transportation
  • ATM Machine